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Figure 13 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 13

From: General functions to transform associate data to host data, and their use in phylogenetic inference from sequences with intra-individual variability

Figure 13

FRQ character transformation: a numerical example. This example illustrates the transformation of characters according to FRQ: (a) hypothetical three-character nucleotide alignment for the associates A1 to A5; (b) distribution of the associates on the hosts H1 and H2; (c) the three associate characters transformed to twelve (three times the number of character states) characters of the host. The standardized Euclidean distance between H1 and H2 calculated from these characters is 0.180.

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