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Table 2 Significantly evolving genes shared or with similar gene functions between aquatic Common and Red-throated loons (Gavia lineage) and Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adelie). Gene omega values of 999 indicate a lack of nonsynonymous mutations, but are retained where the other lineage contains nonsynonymous mutations

From: Genomic insights into natural selection in the common loon (Gavia immer): evidence for aquatic adaptation

GENE Branch Function seq_length ω model 0 ω COL_Gst LRT COL Gst trend
ATAD2B Gavia ATPase family, AAA domain containing 2B 213 0.13786 0.53611 5.06462 faster
BMP6 P. adelaie bone morphogenetic protein 6 75 0.01916 999 4.69446 faster
BAMBI Gavia BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor homolog 156 0.10285 0.41534 6.69316 faster
CALHM3 P. adelaie calcium homeostasis modulator 3 246 0.2885 2.52871 7.65325 faster
CIB1 Gavia calcium and integrin binding 1 93 0.02077 17.66026 4.15427 faster
CDHR1 P. adelaie cadherin related family member 1 228 0.06232 0.24732 7.04434 faster
CDH7 Gavia cadherin 7, type 2 234 0.12236 1.84634 8.20113 faster
CHEK2 P. adelaie/Gavia checkpoint kinase 2 246 0.06661 0.64046 5.29991 faster
DDX11 P. adelaie DEAD/H (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp/His) box helicase 11 114 0.29558 1.1461 5.05993 faster
DDX55 Gavia DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 55 168 0.19828 999 8.64589 faster
MAT1A P. adelaie/Gavia methionine adenosyltransferase I, alpha 51 0.08453 1.8137 6.53492 faster
MRPL41 P. adelaie mitochondrial ribosomal protein L41 93 0.05377 999 5.09515 faster
MRPS30 Gavia mitochondrial ribosomal protein S30 105 0.07025 0.26428 5.5027 faster
RNF144B P. adelaie ring finger protein 144B 201 0.41768 999 7.94759 faster
RNF151 P. adelaie ring finger protein 151 129 0.01272 0.10092 3.84739 faster
RNF122 Gavia ring finger protein 122 111 3.11562 4.51569 4.85065 slower
RNF14 Gavia ring finger protein 14 171 0.21056 0.0001 4.13336 slower
RNF150 Gavia ring finger protein 150 111 0.07654 0.17727 5.04599 faster
SLC15A4 P. adelaie solute carrier family 15 (oligopeptide transporter), member 4 165 0.06417 999 5.59949 faster
SLC22A4 P. adelaie solute carrier family 22 (organic cation transporter), member 4 213 0.09995 999 3.88664 faster
SLC30A8 P. adelaie solute carrier family 30 (zinc transporter), member 8 144 0.04012 999 4.49118 faster
SLC20A1 Gavia solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 1 63 0.02234 0.43825 6.31834 faster
SLC32A1 Gavia solute carrier family 32 (GABA vesicular transporter), member 1 963 0.00303 0.04424 5.14974 faster
SLC4A8 Gavia solute carrier family 4, sodium bicarbonate cotransporter, member 8 126 0.02901 0.12003 7.24001 faster
SLC5A12 Gavia solute carrier family 5 (sodium/monocarboxylate cotransporter), member 12 138 0.4122 0.0001 5.3412 slower
TBC1D24 P. adelaie TBC1 domain family member 24 306 0.05272 1.25765 10.2849 faster
TBC1D8 Gavia TBC1 domain family, member 8 (with GRAM domain) 204 0.0926 3.96808 16.8117 faster
WDR31 P. adelaie/Gavia WD repeat domain 31 162 0.20233 0.0001 4.99304 slower