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Table 4 The eco-geographical background of populations in this study

From: Molecular evolution of dimeric α-amylase inhibitor genes in wild emmer wheat and its ecological association

No. Population* N Ln Lt Al Tm Ta Tj Td Tdd Rn Rd Hu 14 Hu an Dw Sh Th Trd Ev Sz Ma So Rv Rr Rad
1 Mt. Hermon 9 35.73 33.30 1300 11 21 3 18 6 1400 66 48 60 60 80 - 0 150 2 1 1 30 20 185
5 Qzzrin 12 35.67 32.99 350 18 26 10 16 12 530 50 43 58 58 50 - 60 155 3 5 5 39 26 189
7 Yehudiyya 5 35.70 32.93 200 19 27 11 16 12 550 47 42 58 58 50 - 100 160 3 5 5 38 25 189
8 Gamla 12 35.74 32.88 200 19 26 9 17 12 470 50 43 58 58 50 - 60 155 3 5 5 39 26 -
9 Rosh-Pinna 11 35.52 32.95 700 18 25 9 16 10 697 50 48 58 50 75 -10 35 150 3 5 1 35 22 184
11 Tabiha 22 35.53 32.90 0 24 32 15 17 10 436 45 45 57 58 60 -30 120 160 3 5 5 39 25 188
16 Mt. Gilboa 13 35.42 32.50 150 21 28 12 16 12 400 43 43 58 40 60 -30 160 165 2 3 1 34 24 189
17 Mt. Gerizim 14 35.28 32.20 800 17 23 8 15 9 700 45 45 60 42 - 10 0 155 2 3 1 38 25 186
18 Gitit 13 35.40 32.10 300 21 29 13 16 12 360 39 39 55 25 - -25 100 170 2 3 1 38 24 195
19 Kokhav Hashahar 9 35.34 31.95 600 20 28 12 16 12 400 45 45 59 30 80 -20 25 165 2 3 1 38 22 195
23 Jaba 12 35.08 31.67 660 17 25 9 15 9 500 49 49 62 57 90 -20 30 155 2 3 1 35 21 186
24 Amirim 12 35.45 32.93 600 15 24 8 16 8 850 48 48 60 53 85 0 13 153 2 2 1 35 23 182
25 Nahef 9 35.32 32.93 275 15 24 8 15 9 670 49 49 62 57 62 10 3 155 1 2 1 33 22 181
26 Achihood 2 35.17 32.91 25 19 26 11 15 10 590 53 53 65 62 40 -5 20 148 1 2 1 30 21 180
28 Beit-Oren 16 35.03 32.73 400 17 24 11 13 8 700 59 59 69 80 41 5 0 142 1 2 1 25 19 183
29 Daliyya 8 35.06 32.59 200 19 26 12 14 11 670 57 57 67 78 50 -10 100 160 1 2 2 25 20 181
30 Bat-Shelomo 13 35.02 32.60 75 20 26 13 13 10 650 58 58 68 77 40 -10 30 150 2 2 2 24 20 182
33 Givat-Koach 13 34.92 32.03 75 20 26 12 14 12 540 50 50 64 65 42 -20 105 160 1 2 1 32 26 180
  1. Population numbers and ecological factors definitions was according to Nevo and Beiles 1989.
  2. * Populations Yehudiyya (7) and Achihood (26) do not have enough accessions to do further statistical analysis.
  3. Symbols of Variables
  4. i. Geographical: Ln = Longitude; Lt = latitude; Al = altitude
  5. ii. Temperature: Tm = mean annual temperature; Ta = mean August temperature; Tj = mean January temperature; Td = seasonal temperature difference; Tdd = day-night temperature difference; Trd = mean number of tropical days (tropical days is defined by meteorologists check internet or atlases); Sh = mean number of Sharav days, i.e., hot and dry days
  6. iii. Water availability: Rn = mean annual rainfall; Rd = mean number of rainy days; Hu-an: = mean annual humidity; Hu-14 = mean humidity at 14:00 h; Dw = mean number of dewy nights in summer; Th = Thornthwaite's moisture index (indicator of the supply of water in an area relative to the demand under prevailing climatic conditions); Ev = mean annual evaporation; Rv = mean inter-annual variability of rainfall; Rr = mean relative variability of rainfall
  7. iv. Edaphic: So = soil type: 1 = terra-rossa (t.r.); 2 = rendzina; 5 = basalt
  8. v. Biotic: Ma = marginality (A measure of the ecological distance and direction by which the mean of the species distribution differs from the mean of the global distribution): 1 = North margin, 2 = West margin, 3 = Southeast margin, 5 = central population; Sz = estimate of population size: 1 = small (from a dozen to few hundred plants), 2 = intermediate, 3 = large
  9. vi. Solar radiation: Rad = total solar radiation per year