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Table 1 Blood samples of captive hornbills included in the study

From: Mitochondrial control region I and microsatellite analyses of endangered Philippine hornbill species (Aves; Bucerotidae) detect gene flow between island populations and genetic diversity loss

Number of samples Species Origin Abbreviation in text
62 P. panini Panay (confiscated from poaching → of wild origin) PpPa
14 P. panini Negros (Bacolod City Biodiversity Conservation Center of the Negros Forest and Ecological Foundation, Inc./Ecological Park, Dumaguete) PpNe
17 P. manillae manillae Luzon* (Birds International, Inc., Quezon City/Malagos Garden Resort, Davao City/Avilon Montalban Zoological Park, Rizal) Pmm
9 P. manillae subniger Polillo* (Birds International, Inc., Quezon City) Pms
22 A. waldeni Panay (confiscated from poaching → of wild origin) Aw
4 A. leucocephalus Mindanao (Malagos Garden Resort, Davao City/Avilon Montalban Zoological Park, Rizal) Al
  1. * origin concluded from morphological determination of captive individuals.