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Table 2 Summary of the collected data and sample sizes of Mugil cephalus used in microsatellite (MS) and mitochondrial (mtDNA) COI gene analyses.

From: Plio-Pleistocene sea level and temperature fluctuations in the northwestern Pacific promoted speciation in the globally-distributed flathead mullet Mugil cephalus

Country code Locations/Habitat Sampling date Long. - Lat. N indiv. % mtDNA Lineage Fork length GSI GSI mean ± se/
      microsat COI/RS 1 2 3 mean ± se (mm) mean ± se mtDNA 1 mtDNA 2 mtDNA 3
Taiwan 05 KL Keelung/ Dec. 2005 25°11'N 121°47'E 50 50/50 92 8 0 464.80 ± 37.89 15.67 ± 5.97 15.91 ± 5.82 12.86 ± 7.94 -
  06 KL Coastal waters Dec. 2006   48 11/48 98 2 0 478.77 ± 32.81 15.16 ± 7.80 15.32 ± 7.81 7.49 -
  07 KL   Dec. 2007   47 47/47 77 19 4 484.6 ± 68.37 10.60 ± 6.45 12.31 ± 5.55 5.87 ± 6.58 1.03 ± 0.27
  05 KS Kaohsiung/ Dec. 2005 22°37'N 119°30'E 44 36/44 100 0 0 475.73 ± 34.55 20.61 ± 0.68 20.61 ± 0.68 - -
  06 KS Offshore waters Dec. 2006   50 20/50 100 0 0 489.25 ± 25.37 19.75 ± 4.23 19.75 ± 4.23 - -
  07 KS   Dec. 2007   57 49/57 100 0 0 526.01 ± 38.07 18.03 ± 1.44 18.03 ± 1.44 - -
  05 KP Kaoping River/ Dec. 2005 22°28'N 120°25'E 45 36/45 0 49 51 289.34 ± 19.58 0.81 ± 1.97 - 1.01 ± 1.52 0.73 ± 2.37
  07 KP Estuary Dec. 2007   49 39/49 14 63 23 501.07 ± 55.12 8.30 ± 7.50 7.31 ± 5.94 6.73 ± 6.19 13.37 ± 7.65
  08 KP   Jan. 2008   38 37/38 13 71 16 481.69 ± 39.00 0.01 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.03 0 0.01 ± 0.01
Japan OK Okinawa Nov. 2005 26°24'N 127°54'E 48 13/48 27 73 0 - - - - -
  YK Yokosuka Jan.-Feb. 2005 36°16'N 139°41'E 43 8/43 35 65 0      
  AS Ariake Sea Nov. 2007 33°00'N 130°26'E 21 19/21 100 0 0 - - - - -
China HN Hainan Apr. 2010 18°65'N 110°37'E 32 32/32 0 41 59 - - - - -
  PR Pearl River Feb. 2005 22°45'N 113°37'E 30 16/30 0 90 10      
  ST Shantou Jan. 2008 23°20'N 116°44'E 48 7/48 0 91 9 - - - - -
  QD Qingdao Feb. 2006 36°02'N 120°21'E 32 10/31 100 0 0 - - - - -
Philippines PH Philippines Feb. 2007 18°21'N 121°37'E 14 14/14 0 100 0 - - - - -
Russia RU Russia Jun. 2007 42°53'N 132°44'E 4 4/4 100 0 0 - - - - -
    Jul.-Aug. 2009   13 0/13 100 0 0 - - - - -
Total      713 448/712         
  1. RS: rapid PCR screening of different lineages. The ratio of different lineages in each sample, their fork length and Gonadosomatic index (GSI) are also shown.