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Table 2 Male production by queens and workers in control and mixed-species colonies composed of different Temnothorax species.

From: Queen pheromones in Temnothorax ants: control or honest signal?

Colony No. total males produced per colony No. males Allozyme electromorph No. males produced by the queen No. males produced by workers
NN11, NN13, NN14, NN15 none    
CN7, CN12 none    
CN8 15 15 f - 15
CN13 3 3 m 3 -
UN7, UN11, UN12, UN14, UN15 none    
RN4 3   3 -
RN5 20   11 9
RN6 20   15 5
RN8 5   5 -
CC12, CC13, CC14, CC15 none    
NC11, NC12, NC13, NC14, NC15 none    
UC7, UC13, UC15 none    
UC6 3 1s, 2m 1 2
UC8 1 1m - 1
RC3 6   6 -
RC4 2   2 -
RC6 1   1 -
RC8 54   1 53*
UU6 1   1 -
UU8 2   2 -
UU9 1   1 -
UU10 5   5 -
UU12 29   29 -
NU10 8 8s - 8
NU12 74 42s, 19m, 13f 13 61
NU13 37 28s, 3m, 6f 6 31
NU14 13 6s, 7f 7 6
NU15 59 59s - 59
CU6 8 8s - 8
CU9 2 2s - 2
CU12 14 6s, 8m - 14
CU15 44 26s, 18m 18 26
RU7 31   31 -
RU8 95   27 68
RU9 105   105 -
RR1 27   27 -
RR4 10   10 -
RR5 7   7 -
RR6 8   8 -
RR8 24   24 -
  1. *In colony RC8 the ovaries of the queen were not fully developed.
  2. Numbers of males produced per colony by the queen or by workers are shown, respectively. Colony composition and colony names are explained in Table 1. Explanation of Allozyme electromorphs are given in the text.